Anglican schism threat
I believe in...
a world gone mad
an idea whose time had come
The world that we created
Rule of law breached
Terrorism and Law
most terrible thing
The morality error
request not political
personal is political
Jobz for the
Dear Mike, Iraq sucks
Tory conference 2004
The right is winning.
what you will
War and people
Michael Howard's Tories?
is going on?
Row over 'sexed up' report
and be damned
to Mr Blair
Personal comments on the Bll of
Bill of Rights
Uploaded: 20 June 2003
It may surprise some UK citizens that we even
have a Bill of Rights.
Human Rights Act 1998 UK
S C H E D U L E S
RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS
RIGHT TO LIFE
1. Everyone's right to life shall be protected by law. No one shall be deprived
of his life intentionally save in the execution of a sentence of a court
following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by law.
2. Deprivation of life shall not be regarded as inflicted in contravention of
this Article when it results from the use of force which is no more than
(a) in defence of any person from unlawful violence;
(b) in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape of a person
(c) in action lawfully taken for the purpose of quelling a riot or insurrection.
PROHIBITION OF TORTURE
No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or
PROHIBITION OF SLAVERY AND FORCED LABOUR
1. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude.
2. No one shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
3. For the purpose of this Article the term "forced or compulsory labour"
shall not include:
(a) any work required to be done in the ordinary course of detention imposed
according to the provisions of Article 5 of this Convention or during
conditional release from such detention;
(b) any service of a military character or, in case of conscientious objectors
in countries where they are recognised, service exacted instead of compulsory
(c) any service exacted in case of an emergency or calamity threatening the life
or well-being of the community;
(d) any work or service which forms part of normal civic obligations.
RIGHT TO LIBERTY AND SECURITY
1. Everyone has the right to liberty and security of person. No one shall be
deprived of his liberty save in the following cases and in accordance with a
procedure prescribed by law:
(a) the lawful detention of a person after conviction by a competent court;
(b) the lawful arrest or detention of a person for non-compliance with the
lawful order of a court or in order to secure the fulfilment of any obligation
prescribed by law;
(c) the lawful arrest or detention of a person effected for the purpose of
bringing him before the competent legal authority on reasonable suspicion of
having committed an offence or when it is reasonably considered necessary to
prevent his committing an offence or fleeing after having done so;
(d) the detention of a minor by lawful order for the purpose of educational
supervision or his lawful detention for the purpose of bringing him before the
competent legal authority;
(e) the lawful detention of persons for the prevention of the spreading of
infectious diseases, of persons of unsound mind, alcoholics or drug addicts or
(f) the lawful arrest or detention of a person to prevent his effecting an
unauthorised entry into the country or of a person against whom action is being
taken with a view to deportation or extradition.
2. Everyone who is arrested shall be informed promptly, in a language which he
understands, of the reasons for his arrest and of any charge against him.
3. Everyone arrested or detained in accordance with the provisions of paragraph
1(c) of this Article shall be brought promptly before a judge or other officer
authorised by law to exercise judicial power and shall be entitled to trial
within a reasonable time or to release pending trial. Release may be conditioned
by guarantees to appear for trial.
4. Everyone who is deprived of his liberty by arrest or detention shall be
entitled to take proceedings by which the lawfulness of his detention shall be
decided speedily by a court and his release ordered if the detention is not
5. Everyone who has been the victim of arrest or detention in contravention of
the provisions of this Article shall have an enforceable right to compensation.
RIGHT TO A FAIR TRIAL
1. In the determination of his civil rights and obligations or of any criminal
charge against him, everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing within a
reasonable time by an independent and impartial tribunal established by law.
Judgment shall be pronounced publicly but the press and public may be excluded
from all or part of the trial in the interest of morals, public order or
national security in a democratic society, where the interests of juveniles or
the protection of the private life of the parties so require, or to the extent
strictly necessary in the opinion of the court in special circumstances where
publicity would prejudice the interests of justice.
2. Everyone charged with a criminal offence shall be presumed innocent until
proved guilty according to law.
3. Everyone charged with a criminal offence has the following minimum rights:
(a) to be informed promptly, in a language which he understands and in detail,
of the nature and cause of the accusation against him;
(b) to have adequate time and facilities for the preparation of his defence;
(c) to defend himself in person or through legal assistance of his own choosing
or, if he has not sufficient means to pay for legal assistance, to be given it
free when the interests of justice so require;
(d) to examine or have examined witnesses against him and to obtain the
attendance and examination of witnesses on his behalf under the same conditions
as witnesses against him;
(e) to have the free assistance of an interpreter if he cannot understand or
speak the language used in court.
NO PUNISHMENT WITHOUT LAW
1. No one shall be held guilty of any criminal offence on account of any act or
omission which did not constitute a criminal offence under national or
international law at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty
be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the criminal offence was
2. This Article shall not prejudice the trial and punishment of any person for
any act or omission which, at the time when it was committed, was criminal
according to the general principles of law recognised by civilised nations.
RIGHT TO RESPECT FOR PRIVATE AND FAMILY LIFE
1. Everyone has the right to respect for his private and family life, his home
and his correspondence.
2. There shall be no interference by a public authority with the exercise of
this right except such as is in accordance with the law and is necessary in a
democratic society in the interests of national security, public safety or the
economic well-being of the country, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for
the protection of health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and
freedoms of others.
FREEDOM OF THOUGHT, CONSCIENCE AND RELIGION
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this
right includes freedom to change his religion or belief and freedom, either
alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his
religion or belief, in worship, teaching, practice and observance.
2. Freedom to manifest one's religion or beliefs shall be subject only to such
limitations as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society
in the interests of public safety, for the protection of public order, health or
morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.
FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include
freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without
interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers. This Article shall
not prevent States from requiring the licensing of broadcasting, television or
2. The exercise of these freedoms, since it carries with it duties and
responsibilities, may be subject to such formalities, conditions, restrictions
or penalties as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society,
in the interests of national security, territorial integrity or public safety,
for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals,
for the protection of the reputation or rights of others, for preventing the
disclosure of information received in confidence, or for maintaining the
authority and impartiality of the judiciary.
FREEDOM OF ASSEMBLY AND ASSOCIATION
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and to freedom of
association with others, including the right to form and to join trade unions
for the protection of his interests.
2. No restrictions shall be placed on the exercise of these rights other than
such as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society in the
interests of national security or public safety, for the prevention of disorder
or crime, for the protection of health or morals or for the protection of the
rights and freedoms of others. This Article shall not prevent the imposition of
lawful restrictions on the exercise of these rights by members of the armed
forces, of the police or of the administration of the State.
RIGHT TO MARRY
Men and women of marriageable age have the right to marry and to found a family,
according to the national laws governing the exercise of this right.
PROHIBITION OF DISCRIMINATION
The enjoyment of the rights and freedoms set forth in this Convention shall be
secured without discrimination on any ground such as sex, race, colour,
language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin,
association with a national minority, property, birth or other status.
RESTRICTIONS ON POLITICAL ACTIVITY OF ALIENS
Nothing in Articles 10, 11 and 14 shall be regarded as preventing the High
Contracting Parties from imposing restrictions on the political activity of
PROHIBITION OF ABUSE OF RIGHTS
Nothing in this Convention may be interpreted as implying for any State, group
or person any right to engage in any activity or perform any act aimed at the
destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein or at their
limitation to a greater extent than is provided for in the Convention.
LIMITATION ON USE OF RESTRICTIONS ON RIGHTS
The restrictions permitted under this Convention to the said rights and freedoms
shall not be applied for any purpose other than those for which they have been
The full version of the act may be found here:
© Crown Copyright 1998
Please submit comments and suggestions to: